Review: THE BAY Redefines Found Footage Horror

Jason Gorber, Featured Critic

The Bay may very well be the definitive found footage horror film, joining the likes of Chronicle as one of the very few films in this sub-genre that gets it absolutely right.

When it was announced that Barry Levinson would be debuting a new film as part of the Midnight Madness slate at the Toronto International Film Festival, and that it would be a found footage horror piece about infected water, I admit I wasn't expecting very much.

It'd be easy to dismiss this as both a cash-in on the fad of the handicam (well, iPhone) film, and a mere vanity piece for an established director.

My cynicism was entirely misguided.

Levinson's film proves something pretty unequivocally -- any conceit, any style, be it found footage or shaky-cam or haunted house or whatever, can be great in the hands of a good filmmaker. A great director can take even a tired genre and make it exciting and compelling.

Levinson helped pioneer the style of handheld camera work that characterized much of the 90s and continues in many works to this day. The style he set for the (sublime) television show Homicide: Life on the Streets has been cited explicitly by the likes of Lars Von Trier for being the impetus to use handheld cameras on Breaking The Waves, and served to underlie the entire Dogme movement.

Naturally, this aesthetic also spawned lesser imitators, but what Levinson and Von Trier got right about this style was that they didn't see a need to overdo the look in order to call attention to it. Handheld often means poorly framed and shaky, but Levinson's prowess was in keeping the camera work immediate and still well executed. Years earlier, the same conceit was used on the likes of Jaws, a film filled with handheld shots that never call attention to themselves in any dramatic or overt manner.

The same can be said for the way Levinson shoots the footage in The Bay. A variety of capture methods, from phones to camcorders to DSLRs, are each shot in a unique way that's entirely consistent with how people actually would capture these images. When shooting something, people do try to frame, do try to capture specific action -- in having professional shooters purposely try to grunge up their shots in order to appear edgy (I'm looking at you, the Holocaust that is Project X), the result often ends up being simply tiresome shit.

Playing to a midnight crowd, the film was perfectly paced, with scares scattered throughout and a genuine sense of mood set for the audience. To see some 1,400 people creeped the hell out is quite a fun experience, and The Bay certainly delivered on that front.

While plodding haunted house films and over-the-top religious mood pieces bore me to tears, I admit that I'm not a particular fan of crawly things on screen. Despite being an avid scuba diver, there's some crazy stuff down there that's pretty damn gross, especially when crawling out from the cheek of an onscreen character.

Levinson promised that "80% of the film is based on scientific fact!" and while this hyperbole borders on the adorable, there is a nice undercurrent of believability to the way things shake out. By scattering in actual Google image searches, and having a scary creature that's in fact quite real, there's an added frisson to the way the work transpires.

Stylish, extremely well assembled, with fine performances and assured direction, The Bay proved one of the great surprises of the fest. Showing up lesser directors who continuously play in the genre film sandbox, Levinson proves to be masterful at creating something genuinely scary and effective without beating the audience over the head with the trappings that so often plague such films.


Review originally published in slightly different form in connection with the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2012. The Bay opens in limited theatrical release in the U.S. on Friday, November 2. It will also be available to watch via various VOD platforms and iTunes.

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  • Sebo McPowers

    I was prettymuh hyped by this review and just watched the movie - which sadly was pretty mediocre :(
    The wohlemovie you're just waiting for razy big parasite mutants or some other stuff, but there is just nothing happening.After roughly half of the film,you know whats happening,but there is no real climax. The movie goes on for a while, but there is no big revelation and you don't learn anything new.

  • I'm not sure what more you'd want to "happen", but so be it. Sorry you didn't like it - all these months later, it's still for me one of the more memorable offerings from this year's slate of genre-film fun.

  • JP

    it looks to be somewhat like gyo: tokyo fish attack

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